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The Abolition of Marriage

Editor's note:
This essay was crafted in response to the following prompt: How should American Catholics move forward in their witness to the truths of marriage and family? What elements of this movement are most integral to its success? To view Sherif Girgis' response, click here.

Traditionalists are losing the marriage debate today because we lost it several decades ago. Two recent articles in Public Discourse—both pitched as arguments against same-sex marriage—illustrate this. In each case, the real culprit is a policy that traditionalists have “gradually accommodated” despite deep conflict with Christian faith, the sanctity of marriage, and the welfare of children.

In “Dear Justice Kennedy: An Open Letter from the Child of a Loving Gay Parent,” Katy Faust describes the struggles growing up with her lesbian mom. Yet the real heart of her tragedy is her mother and father’s divorce, which she calls “the most traumatic event in my thirty-eight years of life.” Faust came of age years before same-sex marriage became legal, and her mother did not marry her lesbian partner. Faust writes eloquently of the pain of a missing parent; however, the public policy that separated her from her father was no-fault divorce, not same-sex marriage.

Janna Darnelle’s essay, “Breaking the Silence: Redefining Marriage Hurts Women Like Me – and Our Children,” is a moving account of her marriage to a man who hid his homosexuality from her, then revealed it almost ten years after their wedding. She wanted to save their marriage, but her husband left and sought custody of their children. Same-sex marriage was not legal in their state at that time. Once again, in terms of public policy, the source of this tragedy is no-fault divorce.

Marriage accomplishes many things, but one of its central purposes is to provide children with the stable and nurturing environment they need to flourish. A single mother trying to raise children alone will usually have much more difficulty accomplishing this than a mother who shares the task of raising her children with their father. Thus most human societies in most times and places have sought to discourage out-of-wedlock childbirth and to encourage stable marriages in which both parents share the burden of raising children.

It is no surprise that the advocates of the sexual revolution do not understand the logic behind the traditional human understanding of marriage. What is striking, however, is the confusion behind many traditionalist responses to the sexual revolution.

If we are concerned with children’s welfare, potentially procreative premarital and extra-marital sex are a much bigger concern than sodomy. The vast majority (85 percent) of children who are aborted were conceived out of wedlock. And of those who survive, children born out of wedlock are likely to be worse off on a wide range of measures than children raised by married parents.

Because of the potential to lead to procreative acts, heterosexual sodomy outside marriage is a greater concern than homosexual sodomy. Yet among these issues, traditionalists had until recently put most of their energy into defending laws punishing homosexual sodomy.

Laws that destabilize procreative marriage are much more destructive to children than laws that extend the benefits given to married couples to couples who cannot have children. The political scientist Mark Smith has written, “While many children could not even describe what it means to have an abortion or be gay or lesbian, they readily grasp—either firsthand or through the experiences of friends—the strained parental relationships and complicated custodial arrangements that often accompany divorce.” Yet there has been much more outcry against recognizing same-sex couples than there has been to no-fault divorce, which has separated millions of children from one of their parents, or forced them to shuttle back and forth from one parent to the other.

Children do not need a mother and a father; they need their mother and their father. Thanks to no-fault divorce, fathers and mothers—like husbands and wives—have been expendable for decades; until recently, however, the law required that the “replacement part” be of the same sex as the one cast off.

With the legalization of same-sex marriage, many Christians are concerned about the use of state power to coerce Christians who don’t support same-sex marriage. I share this concern. However, Jesus taught, “whoever divorces his wife, except for unchastity, and marries another, commits adultery; and he who marries a divorced woman, commits adultery.” When no-fault divorce laws passed, they not only radically redefined the terms of every existing marriage; they also placed adulterous liaisons on the same level, legally, as marriage. “Till death do us part” became “till one of us wants out.” When one spouse sued for divorce, the law took his side, even if the other spouse had not violated her vows and wanted to try to save the marriage. And “no fault” meant that the spouse who had violated his vows was at no disadvantage in seeking custody of the couple’s children.

If marriage is a lifelong union, this is the abolition of marriage.

I am concerned about laws that force Christians to participate in same-sex marriages against their conscience. But I am more concerned with the millions of Christians who have already been forced to divorce so that their spouse can pursue an adulterous relationship backed by the “full faith and credit” of the United States.

I don’t want to stir up the kind of apocalyptic fears of those involved in premarital sex and divorce that many Christians have stirred up regarding LGBT people. I simply want to invite Christians to listen to and learn to practice both Christ’s radical challenge to holiness and His radical mercy.

 

Readers are invited to discuss essays in argumentative and fraternal charity, and are asked to help build up the community of thought and pursuit of truth that Ethika Politika strives to accomplish, which includes correction when necessary. The editors reserve the right to remove comments that do not meet these criteria and/or do not pertain to the subject of the essay.

  • NDaniels

    Man has been created for communion with God. We are losing the battle for the Sanctity of Life and The Sanctity of Marriage, because man is being portrayed as a means to an end. The sexual objectification of the human person demeans the Dignity of all persons.

  • Fantastico

    Useful article. It offers some needed context for the gay marriage debate.

    Some people assume marriage is about finding the perfect spouse (physical beauty, wealth, personality, whatever), and then cycle through them in order to achieve this. Others are too afraid even to make the commitment to marriage in the first place and make do with cohabitation. Perfection is tyrannical, and churches have spent decades selling marriage as an unattainably perfect institution. I think if we presented marriage as more realistic, not so perfect, not for everyone institution, it would have more appeal.

    BTW: Thank you, Ron and Wesley, for Spiritual Friendship!

  • gary47290

    Useless article. The problem in all your “arguments” against marriage equality is not easy divorce – although that is a problem. No, the problem is that being Gay is not a crime or mental illness, yet until the last few years, law and society have treated that this is unnatural and something to be persecuted. Gay may be sinful to some religious, but the law cannot condone persecution of sin without a secular reason.

    If we had followed our faith (see your baptismal covenant) , and agreed to “strive for justice and peace among all people, and respect the dignity of every human being”, then the Gay and lesbian people you claim are the problem, would have been at peace, and not entered into doomed heterosexual marriages.

    Homophobia created these problems.

    • ski

      Considering the majority of gay ‘marriages are non monogamous, the point is redundant.

    • Sasha Dence

      I don’t think the writer said that gay and lesbian people are the problem. I think the concern is kids. If – and I realise this is a big if as many people do not hold this belief, if you believe that every kid deserves the mother and father who created them, then same-sex marriage is an issue. And it is true that many heterosexual couples are not good parents — and possibly not as good as some LBGT people would be. But if your concern is not the adults == but the kids — then is possible to support the obvious equal dignity of gays and campaign for their freedom from abuse without necessarily supporting same-sex marriage. I’m not sure the husband here is simply the victim in the sense that because of a homophobic culture he did not feel he could come out and thus got married when he could not desire his wife. I find it odd that he married her if he didn’t desire or love her. But once married, and married with kids, then yeah — it doesn’t matter if you desire your spouse any more or not. You stay, because it isn’t about you and what you want or how you feel — it is about the kids.

  • Jim Russell

    Ron Belgau: “Children do not need a mother and a father; they need their mother and their father. Thanks to no-fault divorce, fathers and mothers—like husbands and wives—have been expendable for decades; until recently, however, the law required that the “replacement part” be of the same sex as the one cast off.”

    A more apt assertion–one that in my view doesn’t in any way diminish the role of *adoptive* mothers and fathers–is that, when circumstances prevent a child from having “their” mother and father, having *a* mother *and* father is still the next-best thing.

    On the whole, Ron is making some good observations about how we got where we are today. Yet, we really don’t have to pick which issue we’re “more concerned” about–faithful Catholics can be (and are) concerned about *both* of these issues because both, in their own ways, tear down marriage and family with equal vigor.

  • Sasha Dence

    oh and yeah — I agree — no fault divorce is much worse than same-sex marriage. And it is telling that there’s been more of an outcry about the latter than the former. As Christians, we should be considerably more concerned about the kids than whether two people of the same sex want to consecrate their love with marriage.